What is the difference between Bluetooth 5.0 and Bluetooth 4.2

Bluetooth for long has been the well-known wireless technology that is used today in almost all electronic devices. Almost every year there are more and more modernized versions of this technology, its development does not stand still. Despite this, with the increasing demand for devices based on IoT, the user wants to get newer and more advanced Bluetooth features.

The new Bluetooth 5 provides users with the best call quality. Bluetooth 5 has significantly improved performance and functionality.

The Article compares between Bluetooth 5 vs Bluetooth 4.2 and declares a comparison between Bluetooth 5.0 and Bluetooth 4.2 version. It disclosure basic characteristic of Bluetooth 5 which has made it famous for IoT(Internet of Things) and Bluetooth Beacon markets. Bluetooth 5 is the latest version of Bluetooth specifications which is the successor to Bluetooth 4.2 version.

Bluetooth 5.0

Bluetooth 5 is announced on 16 June 2016 to come in late 2016 or early 2017. Bluetooth 5 is here and with its release, developers to meet all the advanced standard of wireless world with more privacy and security.It is setting the stage for the future. Bluetooth is revolutionizing how people experience the IoT. Its specification includes the low power consumption, inexpensive hardware and, small size implementations.

Bluetooth 5.0 is the continuation of Low Energy LE. Its speed is 48MBps (double than the last version). It can be connected up to the distance of 300 meters or 985 feet (4 times last version). The ISM band ranges from 2.4-2.485 GHz. One little disappointing thing for users is that it doesn’t have any backward compatibility with its old or previous versions. It requires new hardware which should be latest and advanced so that those devices meet the requirements of Bluetooth v5.0 to run it smoothly.

Speed

Bluetooth 5 is faster than Bluetooth 4 with the format having 2Mbps, twice the speed of Bluetooth 4 about 1 Mbps making the Bluetooth 5 able to meet one of IoT requirements. This is thanks to the 5Mbps bandwidth of the Bluetooth 5 in comparison to 2.1 Mbps of the Bluetooth 4.

Bluetooth 4.0 Range vs 4.2 Range vs 5.0 Range Bluetooth 4 supports 50m in outdoor range and 10m in indoor range making it low whilst Bluetooth 5 supports 200m in Line of Sight path in the outdoor environment and 40m in the indoor environment.

Power requirement

The Bluetooth 5 has been formulated to use less power on your device compared to the Bluetooth 4. That means you can keep your Bluetooth switched on for a longer period of time and so much more compared to Bluetooth 4 which consumes more power than its newer counterpart.

Message Capacity

Bluetooth 5 has large Massage capacity about 255 bytes gives more bytes for actual data payload while the Bluetooth 4 has small message capacity of about 31 bytes which gives just 17 to 20 bytes for actual data payload.

Bluetooth beacon

Bluetooth 5 beacon has become more popular increase range and speed while with Bluetooth 4 beacons were less popular due to less speed and range as well as low Message capacity of 31 bytes.

Speed

Bluetooth 5 is faster than Bluetooth 4 with the format having 2Mbps, twice the speed of Bluetooth 4 about 1 Mbps making the Bluetooth 5 able to meet one of IoT requirements. This is thanks to the 5Mbps bandwidth of the Bluetooth 5 in comparison to 2.1 Mbps of the Bluetooth 4.

Support for IoT devices

Bluetooth 5 easily meets the requirements for IoT devices with its good range and increase in speed while Bluetooth 4 does not due to its low speed and start working range. That means IoT devices will work well with Bluetooth 5 and utilize all its features properly.Compatibility Bluetooth 4 works best with devices that are compatible with version 4 series but will not work with devices that have Bluetooth 5 while Bluetooth 5 backword compile with v1, v2, v3, v4, v4.1, and version 4.2 but will not utilize all the features of Bluetooth 5.

The Comparison Table shows how much Bluetooth 5 better from Bluetooth 4.2.

Conclusion
So we see that Bluetooth 5 is far superior to its predecessor Bluetooth 4.2. It greatly improves the performance of all devices that interact using Bluetooth 5. All specifications are increased several times, which has a positive effect on its popularity. The new version provides many benefits that can not be overlooked.

Comments (0)
September 16, 2021

Pretty! This has been an incredibly wonderful post. Thank you for providing this information. Estrella Alfonse Allain

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